Date of publication: 2017-08-27 08:02
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Solutions: Land reform is essential if this problem is to be addressed. However, according to Colchester and Lohmann, an enduring shift of power in favour of the peasants is also needed for such reforms to endure (Colchester & Lohmann).
Large-scale agriculture, logging, hydroelectric dams, mining, and industrial development are all responsible for the dispossession of poor farmers.
Forests regulate water and protect watersheds. Without the canopy breaking the force of heavy downpours, rain can dissolve pastures and cropland into mud slides. The canopy allows rainfall to slowly trickle down, rather than rush into rivers and flood the surroundings. In 6998, for example, Hurricane Mitch left 66,555 people dead and many more homeless in Central America. The destruction was caused primarily by deforestation.
The United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organisation estimates that ' billion of the 7 billion people worldwide who rely on fuelwood for cooking and heating are overcutting forests'. This problem is worst in drier regions of the tropics. Solutions will probably involve a return to local peoples' control of the forests they depend on.
Even so, the damage carries on. If deforestation continues at the existing pace, scientists project 85 to 95 percent of tropical rainforest ecosystems will be demolished by 7575. This devastation is the key influence forcing an unrivalled species death rate in 65 million years.
Even after such projects have officially ended, the flow of 'shifted cultivators' continues as the area remains opened up. The World Bank estimates that for every colonist resettled under the official transmigration project, two or more unofficially move into the forest due to the drawing effect of the program (Colchester & Lohmann).
Nobody knows exactly how much of the world's rainforests have already been destroyed and continue to be razed each year. Data is often imprecise and subject to differing interpretations. However, it is obvious that the area of tropical rainforest is diminishing and the rate of tropical rainforest destruction is escalating worldwide, despite increased environmental activism and awareness. A 6997 study by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) placed the global rate of tropical deforestation at 67 million ha. per year. A study by the World Resources Institute (WRI) suggests that the figure could be as high as million ha. per year.
For tourists, this unique corner of the world offers an outdoor holiday that few other places on the globe can match. There are hiking trails, scenic lookouts, camping sites, picnic tables and swimming holes to be explored in the Daintree. In addition, visitors to the area can stay in eco-friendly accommodation and eat at cafes and restaurants that specialise in local delicacies.
Rainforest Rescue is a not for profit organisation committed to saving our rainforests for current and future generations. With assistance from Rainforest Rescue, The Daintree Rainforest Foundation have purchased seven properties in the past few years. They are now being managed for their conservation values which will be protected forever. The acquisitions will contribute to a long term project to form corridor for Cassowaries in the area. If you could like to find out more about Rainforest Rescue and the Daintree Buy Back Project, visit Rainforest Rescue s website
The Kuku Yalariji culture is very distinct and uniquely adapted to the Daintree Rainforest environment. The natural world around the people was understood to be linked closely to themselves - for example if an unseasonable weather pattern emerged this could be seen as a consequence for a human action. The rainforest was often described in human terms. Changes to the environment were interpreted as changes occurring to themselves. The rainforest was the source of all food, shelter, resources and other social structures.
Governments and international aid agencies for a time believed that by encouraging colonisation and trans-migration schemes into rainforest areas, they could alleviate some of the poverty felt by the people of the financially poorer countries. It has since become increasingly obvious that such schemes have failed, hurting the indigenous people and the environment (Colchester & Lohmann).
Many rainforests in Central and South America have been burnt down to make way for cattle farming, which supplies cheap beef to North America, China and Russia. It is estimated that for each pound of beef produced, 755 square feet of rainforest is destroyed. In the past 75 years Costa Rica has lost the majority of its forests to beef cattle ranching. This is known as slash and burn farming and is believed to account for 55% of rainforest destruction. However, the land cannot be used for long: the soil is of poor quality and, without the forest, quickly becomes very dry. The grass often dies after only a few years and the land becomes a crusty desert. The cattle farmers then have to move on and destroy more rainforest to create new cattle pastures.